La Divina Commedia

For total beginners or for the student who has acquired some rudiments of the language without ever studying the lexical, syntactic and grammatical rules. The aim of the course is to provide the student with the basic syntactic and grammatical rules in order to allow him to express and understand simple concepts related to familiar or everyday life arguments, both at written and at oral level.

First module - Beginner A1:

With this module the student is able to use an elementary vocabulary, ask and give little pieces of information on things, professions, nationalities, describe and compare people in terms of appearance, character, age, express sentences frequently used in every day life. The student can make himself clear with the majority of people if they speak slowly, clearly and are willing to help him.

NOUNS: gender and number, irregular nouns, the auxiliary verbs essere and avere, è or c’è, ho or ce l’ho.

ARTICLES: definite and indefinite

PRESENT INIDICATIVE: regular and irregular verbs, modal verbs to express obligation/permission, modal verbs to invite and refuse, andare and venire, the present tense with frequency adverbs, expressing capability: sapere/potere/riuscire

PREPOSITIONS: simple and articulated, in or a, di or da

PRESENT PERFECT: essere or avere as auxiliary verbs in compound tenses, regular, irregular and modal verbs, the present perfect with temporal sentences, the present perfect with già/ancora/appena, the present perfect with finite actions

FUTURE: simple future: regular and irregular verbs, the future perfect with temporal sentences, using the future for previsions, the future after an opinion verb

ADJECTIVES: concurrence with nouns, questo/quello, possessives, possessives with family members, the terms ci vuole/ci metto

IMPERFECT: regular, irregular and modal verbs, the imperfect with mentre, the imperfect for past habits, imperfect or present perfect?


Second module - Basic level A2:

With this module the student acquires a slightly wider vocabulary, understand sentences of frequently use on several daily activities, give simple pieces of information on himself and his family, purchases, sites of interest, his profession. The student can sustain a simple dialogue on customary matters or on situations he is accustomed to. He can describe in a simple way aspects of his past or his environment as well as things related to his immediate needs.

PLUPERFECT: pluperfect, difference in the use of the imperfect and the pluperfect

DIRECT PRONOUNS: direct pronouns, direct pronouns with compound tenses, ci and ne

REFLEXIVE VERBS: reflexive verbs in the present tense, reflexive verbs to express emotions, reflexive verbs in the present perfect tense, reflexive verbs in the imperfect tense, the impersonal si

INDIRECT PRONOUNS: indirect pronouns, use of direct and indirect pronouns at the telephone, use of pronouns in the polite form

IMPERATIVE: the imperative for tu and voi, the imperative in advertisement/public ads, the imperative for exhortations/advices, the imperative to give instructions, pronouns with the imperative tu and voi

CONDITIONAL: present, past, the present to express politeness, wishes, possibility, advices, the past conditional to express regrets and the future in the past


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